Dupuytren Surgery and Recurrence of Hand Contracture
Dupuytren surgical treatment temporary relief
After speaking to well over a thousand people about their Dupuytren surgery options, fewer than a handful knew that surgical repair is only a temporary relief of the palm nodules and finger contractures. Only a few knew surgery for Dupuytrens is NOT a one-time and permanent solution.
Recurrence of a second episode of Dupuytren contracture after the first surgery takes approximately five years, sometimes sooner and sometimes later. For every example where someone might have a recurrence after as long as ten years, there are many others who have a return in one or two years; five years is a good average.
Here are important ideas to have in mind when you think about having any kind of Dupuytren surgery:
- Once you have your first Dupuytren surgery, you will have others because the problem will return.
- There is no such thing as cutting the Dupuytrens tissue out and being done with it. Some surgeon’s refer to cutting out a large and deep mass of tissue as creating a “firewall of tissue” to keep the problem from returning, but it is only a delay technique. It will always return; it is just a matter of time.
- If you have Dupuytren surgery and your problem recurs in (let’s say) three years, if you have another or second surgery for the first recurrence of the problem your second recurrence will happen in less than three years. After each Dupuytren surgery the next recurrence happens faster each time. The return of your hand contracture will be faster after the second surgery, even faster after the third surgery, and even after the fourth surgery, and so on.
- After each hand surgery your recovery will be longer and more complicated with greater chance for side effects. Just like the recurrence problem increasing with each surgery, the amount of numbness, stiffness, pain, scar build up, reduced hand and finger movement and general limitation increases each time you have Dupuytren surgery.
- If your hand has been so scarred, and so much tissue removed by prior surgeries, and pain and limited use of the hand develops, a common solution is to amputate the offending finger(s).
Here is a brief explanation of the different types of Dupuytren surgery and how each rates in terms of recurrence after the first surgery.
- Regional Fasciectomy: Most common Dupuytren surgery. The contracted fascia of the palm and involved fingers are surgically removed, requiring general anesthesia or a nerve block. Requires extended rehabilitation and wound care. Recurrence of Dupuytren contracture – somewhat more frequent than after other types of Dupuytren surgery.
- Fasciotomy: Less common Dupuytren surgery. Requires single or multiple incisions (usually in a zig-zag pattern) using widespread dissection over the Dupuytren’s cord, but the diseased tissue is not removed. Also requires general anesthesia or a nerve block. Requires extended rehabilitation and wound care. Recurrence is slightly more frequent than a regional fasiectomy.
- Dermofasciectomy: Less common Dupuytren surgery. Surgical removal of diseased skin and fascia overlying Dupuytren cords, in which diseased soft tissue of palm is replaced with a skin graft from patient’s forearm. Requires very long rehabilitation and wound care. Recurrence is somewhat less frequent than regional fasciectomy.
- Needle Aponeurotomy (NA): Very popular – and almost faddish – in-office procedure. While needle aponeurotomy is a minimally invasive Dupuytren surgery in which a needle is inserted and slashed around under the skin of the palm to shred, lacerate and weakened the Dupuytren cords. After being so weakened, each cord is broken by hyperextending or pulling each finger straight. Only local anesthesia is needed. Requires short rehabilitation and minimal wound care. Recurrence is about average.
- Collagenase injection: Early in 2010 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved inject able collagenase extracted from the bacteria Clostridium histolyticum to be used in treatment of Dupuytren contracture. Collagenase erodes the Dupuytren cords when they are injected with small amounts of this enzyme, breaking the peptide bonds in the cords of collagen. Recurrence of hand and finger contractures seems to be most frequent with this technique.
None of these surgical procedures has proved to be a way to stop or cure Dupuytren contracture permanently. It is said that if a patient lives long enough, the finger contractures and palm lumps will return and additional Dupuytren surgery will be needed.
In extreme cases, amputation of fingers may be needed for severe or recurrent disease, or after complications in surgery.
Alternative therapies, such as advocated by Dupuytren Contracture Institute, have received almost no evidence-based research by the large pharmaceutical companies or university medical programs because of their limited profit potential and easy access by laypeople, and so have little support from the medical profession.
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